Accommodating existing schemas piaget

21 Feb

The children that didn’t correctly complete the task may have felt a lack of interest in it because it was so irrelevant and unfamiliar to them compared to their daily lives.

Other evidence provided from other studies, such as Hughes and Donaldson have suggested that children are able to de-centre from a much younger age, given a familiar situation.

One of Piaget’s key studies that investigates object permanence tested infants individually where Piaget waited until the child was playing with an object and then removed the toy from its grasp and hid it beneath a blanket when the child looked on.

If the child searched for it, this would suggest that the child could understand that the object continued to exist even when out of sight, indicating object permanence.

Infants less than 8 months didn’t search for the toy, apparently forgetting that the toy existed out of sight.

Children at approximately 8 months searched for the hidden toy however when Piaget moved it from the blanket to another place, the child looked for it where they last found it not where they last saw it.

Other studies such as the Bower and Wishart demonstrate that even children as young as 3 months may have object permanence.

They turned out the lights and then observed the child with infrared camera.

Some weaknesses in this study is that the children may have found it difficult to analyse the pictures and may indeed recognise that the doll is viewing the mountain from a different angle but struggled to identify which view it was from the pictures given.

Piaget believed that schemas (an evolving unit of knowledge which we use to understand situations) are key to cognitive development.

Adults have complex schemas developed while babies have simple ones like the sucking reflex.

Egocentrism is the inability for a child to take another point of view into consideration.

The study that Piaget conducted for this idea is the 3 mountain experiment.